Photo of Valerie Eisen

On March 7, 2018 the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) released a “Statement on Potentially Unlawful Online Platforms for Trading Digital Assets”. The statement is a warning to investors, service providers operating platforms through which digital assets are traded, and those providing ancillary services involving the transfer or maintenance of digital assets

With regard to investors, the SEC’s principal suggestion was to conduct diligence to ensure online trading platforms with which investors engage are SEC-registered and regulated marketplaces, whether as national securities exchanges, alternative trading systems, or broker-dealers.


Continue Reading

On April 25, 2017, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) published a consultation paper to obtain stakeholders’ views on introducing enhanced oversight requirements for foreign audit firms. Specifically, the paper discusses a proposal by the Canadian Public Accountability Board (CPAB) to amend National Instrument 52-108 Auditor Oversight (NI 52-108) to require foreign audit firms to register with CPAB as a Participating Audit Firm (PAF) should they be auditing a reporting issuers’ financial statements.

Foreign auditors, also referred to as “component auditors”, are often engaged when a reporting issuer’s operations are in a jurisdiction different from that of the issuer’s head office. In such instances, the issuer or its primary auditor may decide to engage a component auditor to conduct an audit on financials related to foreign operations.


Continue Reading

architecture-1048092_1280On January 12, 2017, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) published Multilateral CSA Staff Notice 45-322 Potential Concerns with the Structure of Rights Offerings. The notice, issued on behalf of the securities regulators in Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Alberta, is a warning to issuers who may be perceived as taking improper advantage of the

On November 1, 2016, the TSX Venture Exchange (Exchange) updated previous bulletins with regard to the adoption of four letter root symbols as stock tickers symbols. After obtaining regulatory approval for the amendments, the Exchange has now implemented amended Policy 5.8, which allows the Exchange to accommodate trading of four letter symbols.

The following amendments