Now in its fifth week, the U.S. federal government shutdown has become the longest in U.S. history. The partial shutdown began on December 22, 2018, following a stalemate between Congress and President Donald Trump over funding for a wall at the Mexican border. Many government services and agencies have been halted: NASA, the Smithsonian museums,
On April 24, 2018, the Canadian Securities Administrators published the Oversight Review Report of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (Report). The Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) is a not-for-profit self-regulatory organization that regulates investment dealers and trading on Canada’s capital markets with a view to protecting investors and maintaining fairness and order in the market.
To assess the risks associated with IIROC’s operations and to ultimately hold IIROC accountable for its internal controls and procedures, the provincial securities regulators conduct an annual risk-based oversight review of a number of IIROC’s processes. The most recent review, covering the period from August 1, 2016 to August 31, 2017 (Review), was conducted by eight of the provincial securities regulators, namely, the British Columbia Securities Commission, the Alberta Securities Commission, the Financial and Consumer Affairs Authority of Saskatchewan, the Manitoba Securities Commission, the Ontario Securities Commission, the Autorité des marchés financiers, the Financial and Consumer Services Commission of New Brunswick, and the Nova Scotia Securities Commission (Participating Regulators). The Review focused on four areas: (1) Financial and Operations Compliance, (2) Corporate Governance, (3) Risk Management, and (4) Financial Operations.
In August 2017, we considered the guidance offered by the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) regarding the application of securities laws to the blockchain industry and initial coin offerings (ICOs), primarily as set out in CSA Staff Notice 46-307 Cryptocurrency Offerings. In that post, we noted that the CSA have provided little guidance regarding when they would consider cryptocurrencies to be securities, and thus subject to Canadian securities rules.